A sleep disorder is a medical problem that in some way affects how you sleep. This section provides information on a large range of sleep disorders, from their symptoms, what causes them, and how they can be treated or reduced. There are two major types of sleep disorders; parasomnias and dyssomnias.
Parasomnias are abnormal events or behaviours that mostly happen during sleep but can also occur just before you fall asleep or just after you wake up.
Sleepwalking (also known as Somnambulism) is a strange but surprisingly common sleep disorder. Sleepwalkers can perform an array of complex daily tasks despite being fast asleep.
A condition that causes people to suddenly sit up in bed (or jump out of it) and start screaming or shouting as if they've just woken up from a bad dream. But despite all appearances, they're still fast asleep.
Having the odd nightmare is completely normal, but they can become a problem if they're frequent enough to disturb your sleep. This article outlines the causes of nightmares and how they can be stopped.
REM Sleep Behavior Disorder
A rare sleep disorder that enables people to fully act out their dreams in real life. Their dreams are vivid and intense, often involving a violent threat, causing them to run around the room kicking and punching.
To prevent us acting our dreams our bodies become paralysed when we go into REM sleep. But sometimes the paralysis works a little too well, kicking in before we've fallen asleep or continuing after we've woken up.
Restless Leg Syndrome
People with restless leg syndrome experience a tingling, scratching, or crawling sensation in their legs that is only relieved by moving them. The feeling can be anything from a mild irritation to intolerable pain.
Dyssomnias are sleep disorders that affect the process of sleep, including how long you sleep for, the quality of sleep, and the timing of sleep.
Delayed Sleep Phase Syndrome
A sleep disorder most commonly experienced by young peoplem, where the sleep pattern moves forward by a few hours each day, causing you to fall asleep later each night and wake up later the next day.
How to Avoid and Overcome Jet lag
Jet lag can cause huge disruption to your sleeping pattern, enough to cause sleep deprivation. Here's how to quickly overcome jet lag and some methods for avoiding it completely.
Sleep Apnea occurs when the muscles around the throat relax causing the airway to close. Often observed as a gap of silence between snores, before they wake up and start breathing (or snoring) again normally.
A neurological condition that's characterised by excessive daytime sleepiness, muscle weakness, and REM sleep complications such as sleep paralysis and hallucinations.
Fatal Familial Insomnia
An extremely rare sleep disorder affecting only a few families worldwide that slowly removes the ability to sleep until falling asleep becomes completely impossible.